File: Russian Military Aircraft

Report: Compiled by Calvin W. Lew


The scheme used in coming up with the NATO code names for Russian aircraft appears to be fairly simple and straightforward.  Names beginning with B refer to bombers, C names refer to  transport aircraft, and names starting with F refer to fighters.  Names beginning with M designate a catch-all of various types, ranging from utility aircraft and trainers all the way to high-altitude spy planes.  Names starting with H refer to helicopters.  For the "M", "F", "B" and "C" categories, single-syllable names refer to aircraft that are powered by piston or turbo-prop engines, whereas double-syllable names refer to jet-powered aircraft.  This distinction does not apply to helicopters.


Russian     NATO

Designator  Code Name   Manufacturer





????      Boot      Antisubmarine attack aircraft.  One 4000 hp Kuznetsov turboprop.  Appeared in 1956.  Did not enter quantity production.

???       Blowlamp  Supersonic light attack bomber.  Did not enter quantity production.

???       Brawny    Twin jet, two seat attack and close support aircraft.  First appeared in 1956.  Did not enter quantity production.


Il-2      B         Ilyushin

Il-4      Bob       Ilyushin  Twin engine medium bomber of World War 2 vintage.

Il-10 Beast Ilyushin  Single-engine ground attack aircraft.  Postwar development of Il-2 heavily-armored ground attack plane.

Il-28 Beagle    Ilyushin  Twin-engine light tactical bomber. Two 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojets. Entered service in 1949.  2 23 mm cannon in tail turret, two 20 mm cannon fixed  in nose.  4400 lb bombload.


Mya-4 Bison Myasishchev    Four-engine long-range heavy bomber.Four 19,180 lb. st. Mikulin AM-3M turbojets.  One fixed, forward firing 23 mm cannon, 2 23 mm cannon in each of  dorsal, ventral, and tail turrets.  About 150 built.  Entered service in 1955/56.  Most converted to tanker and reconnaissance roles.

M-52      Bounder   Myasishchev    Four-engine supersonic bomber prototype. Never attained service.


Tu-2      Buck      Tupolev   Twin engine light bomber of World War 2 vintage.

Tu-4      Bull      Tupolev   Four-engine long range heavy bomber. Copy of Boeing B-29 Superfortress.

Tu-14 Bosun Tupolev   Twin-engine land-based torpedo-bomber operated by Soviet naval air arm. Two 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojets. Two fixed forward-firing cannon. Two 23mm cannon in tail turret.  Crew 4. Entered service in 1949.

Tu-16 Badger    Tupolev   Twin-engine long-range medium bomber. Two 19,180 lb. st. Mikulin AM-3M turbojets.  Crew of 6, 20,000 lb. offensive load.  2 23 mm cannon in each of dorsal, ventral, and tail positions, one fixed forward firing 23-mm cannon.  Many converted to platforms for stand-off missiles.

Tu-20 Bear      Tupolev   Four-turboprop long-range strategic bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12 turbprops.  Bear A has 2 23 mm cannon in each of dorsal, ventral, and tail positions, plus one 23mm cannon fixed in forward-firing position.  Up to 25,000 lb offensive load.  Many converted to reconnaissance and stand-off missile launching roles.

Tu-22M    Blinder/Backfire-B   Tupolev   Twin-engine long-range medium bomber and reconnaissance-strike aircraft.  First seen in 1961.  Entered service in 1962.  Two 30,000 lb. st. (with AB)  Kolesov VD-7 turbojets mounted side by side above the rear fuselage.

Several Kh-22 (AS-4 Kitchen) air-to-surface missiles are loaded on the bombers fuselage weapons bay.  Operational in 1975, the BACKFIRE was considered a major threat to U.S. Navy carrier groups.

Tu-26 Backfire  Tupolev   Medium-range strategic bomber and maritime strike/reconnaissance aircraft. Two 50,000 lb. st. (with AB) Kuznetsov turbofans.  Twin-barrel 23-mm cannon in remotely-controlled tail barbette.  Up to 26,500 lbs of internal stores. Stand-off missiles can be carried externally.   Entered service in 1972-3.

Tu-98(?)  Backfin   Tupolev   Supersonic medium bomber.  First appeared in 1957.  Did not enter production.

Tu-142M   Bear      Tupolev

          Bear F, G, and H

Tu-160    Blackjack Tupolev   Long-range strategic bomber and maritime strike/reconnaissance aircraft. Variable-geometry wings.  Has a close physical resemblance to the Rockwell B-1B Lancer, although the Blackjack is appreciably larger and more powerful. Four 55,000 lb. st. (with AB) Soloviev turbofans.  Up to 36,000 lbs. of weapons can be carried, including cruise missiles, attack missiles, andfree fall bombs.  Entered service in 1988.


Yak-28    Brewer    Yakovlev  Two-seat light tactical bomber  adaptation of Yak-28P Firebar.  Internal weapons bay, bombardier position in glazed nose.  Entered service in early 1960s.





An-2      Colt      Antonov   Single-engine biplane utility transport. One 1000 hp. Shvetsov Ash-62IR radial engine.  First flew in 1947. 

An-8      Camp      Antonov   Twin-engined assault transport. Did not enter quantity production.

An-10 Cat       Antonov   Four-engine turboprop commercial freight and passenger transport.  Four 4015 shp Ivchenko AI-20 turboprops.  Up to 130 passengers.  Entered service in 1959.

An-12 Cub       Antonov   Medium and long-range military transport.  Military version of An-10A commercial transport.  Redesigned rear fuselage with loading ramp and tail turret.

An-14 Clod      Antonov   Twin-engined light STOL utility transport.  Two 300 Ivchenko AI-14RF radial engines.

An-22 Cock      Antonov   Four-engined heavy military and commercial freighter.  Four 15,000 shp Kuznetsov NK-12MA turboprops. 

An-24 Coke      Antonov   Twin-turboprop short-range commercial transport.  Two 2550 shp Ivchenko AI-24 turboprops.  Entered service in 1963.

An-26 Curl      Antonov   Twin-engined short to medium-range military and commercial freighter. Two 2820 shp Ivchenko AI-24T turboprops.

An-32 Cline Antonov   Twin-engined military tactical transport.  Two 4195 ehp Ivchenko AI-20M or 5112 ehp AI-20DM turboprops. Derivative of An-26.  Entered service in early 1980s.

An-72/74  Coaler    Antonov   Twin engined light STOL transport. Two 14,330 lb. st. Lotarev D-36 or 16,534 lb. st. D-436K turbofans. An-72 is tactical transport version which entered service with Soviet Air Force in 1987.  An-74 is dedicated Arctic survey and support version. Engines are mounted above the wing, and use is made of the Coanda effect to achieve STOL performance.

An-74 Coaler    Antonov

An-124    Condor    Antonov   Heavy strategic freighter.  Four 51,590 lb. st. Lotarev D-18T turbofans. Entered service in 1984.

An-225    Cossack   Antonov   Six-engined ultra-heavy transport. 6 51,590 lb. st. Lotarev D-18T turbo-fans.  Freighter intended to carry large outside loads on top of fuselage in support of Soviet space program.


Be-30 Cuff      Beriev    Twin-engined light commercial feederliner.  Two TVD-10 (Turbomeca Astazou) turboprops, 970 shp each. Entered service in 1969.


Il-12 Coach Ilyushin  Twin-engine personnel and cargo transport.  Two 1775 shp Shvetsov ASh-82FNV radials. 

Il-14 Crate Ilyushin  Twin-engine commercial and military personnel/cargo transport.  Progressive development of Il-12.  Two 1900 hp. Shvetsov ASh-82T-7 radials.

Il-18 Coot      Ilyushin  Four-engine turboprop transport. Four 4015 shp Ivchenko AI-20 turboprops. Il-20 is elint version. Il-22 is airborne control post version.

Il-62 Classic   Ilyushin  Four-engined long-range commercial transport.  Four 23,150 lb. st. Kutznetsov NK-8 turbofans.

Il-76MD   Candid    Ilyushin  Four-engined heavy commercial and military freighter.  Four 26,450 lb. st. Soloviev D-30-KP turbofans.  Generally similar in concept to Lockheed C-141 Starlifter.  Entered service in 1974.


Li-2      Cab       Lisunov   License-built version of Douglas DC-3 commercial transport.


Tu-104    Camel Tupolev   Twin-engine commercial jet transport. Adapted from Tu-16 bomber.  Two 15,000 lb. st. Mikulin RD-3M turbojets. First entered service in 1956.

Tu-110    Cooker    Tupolev   Four-jet commercial transport.  Evolved from Tu-104 transport.  Four Lyulka AL-5 turbojets, 12,125 lb. st. each.

Tu-114    Cleat Tupolev   Four-engine turboprop commercial transport.  Wing, undercarriage, and tail of Tu-20 bomber.  Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12 turboprops.  Entered service in 1961.

Tu-124    Cookpot   Tupolev   Twin-engine commercial jet transport. Scaled down version of Tu-104. Two 12,125 lb. st. Solovlev D-20P turbofans.  Entered service in 1962.

Tu-134    Crusty    Tupolev   Twin-engine short- to medium-range commercial transport.  Two 14,990 lb. st. Soloviev D-30-2 turbofans mounted on rear fuselage.  Entered service in 1966.

Tu-144    Charger   Tupolev   Long-range supersonic commercial transport.  Four 38,580 lb. st. (with AB) Kuznetsov NK-144 turbofans.

Tu-154    Careless  Tupolev   Three-engined medium- to long-range commercial transport.  Three 20,950 lb. st. Kuznetsov NK-8-2 turbofans.  Entered service in 1972.


Yak-12    Creek Yakovlev  Single engine, four-seat light utility aircraft.  One 240hp Ivchenko AI-14R radial.  Entered production in 1946.

Yak-40    Codling   Yakovlev  Three-engined short-range commercial feederliner.  Three 3307 lb. st. Ivchenko AI-25 turbofans.  Entered service in 1968.

Yak-42    Clobber   Yakovlev  Medium-range commercial transport. Three 14,330 lb. st. Lotarev D-26 turbofans.  Entered service in 1978.





FGF       Fifth-Generation Fighter, expected to reach initial operational capability around 2015


I-15      Polikarpov World War II

I-16      Polikarpov World War II

I-153     Polikarpov World War II


La-5           Lavochkin World War II

La-7           Lavochkin World War II

LaGG-3         Lavochkin World War II

La-11 Fang      Lavochkin Single-seat, piston-engined fighter.  Was standard equipment for Soviet Air Force fighter units during immediate postwar years.

La-15 Fantail   Lavochkin Single seat interceptor fighter.  One 3500 lb. st. RD-500 turbojet.


MiG-3                Mikoyan   World War II

MiG-9     Fargo     Mikoyan   Twin-engined jet-powered fighter.  Was interim jet fighter to fill the gap  until MiG-15 could enter service.

MiG-15    Fagot     Mikoyan   Single-engine interceptor/fighter of Korean War fame.  One 5950 lb. st. Klimov VK-1 turbojet.  Two 23 mm, one 37 mm cannon.

MiG-17    Fresco    Mikoyan   Single-engine interceptor/fighter. Aerodynamic refinement of MiG-15. Entered service in 1954.  One 6040 lb. st. Klimov VK-1A turbojet.  Two 23mm, one 37 mm cannon. 

MiG-19    Farmer    Mikoyan   Twin-engine interceptor/fighter.  Two 5500 lb. st. Klimov RD-9F turbojets. Entered service in 1955. First Russian production aircraft capable of supersonic flight in level flight.  3 30-mm cannon (Farmer C). Farmer E is all-weather interceptor version.

MiG-21    Fishbed   Mikoyan   Single-engine interceptor/fighter. Entered service in

       1960.  Most widely-used Soviet fighter in postwar era. Many exported to foreign air forces.

MiG-21-93   Fishbed     Mikoyan

MiG-23/27 Flogger   Mikoyan   Single-engine variable-sweep fighter (MiG-23) and

       fighter-bomber (MiG-27). One 27,000 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-29BS-300 turbojet.  One twin-barrel 23-mm cannon, plus up to 8 air to air missiles.  MiG-27 version can carry up to 6600 lbs. of external ordinance.

MiG-25    Foxbat    Mikoyan   Twin-engine interceptor/fighter.  Two Tumansky R-31 turbojets, 24,250 lb. st. with AB.  No cannon, up to four externally-mounted AAMs. Entered service in 1966.

MiG-27    Flogger   Mikoyan

MiG-29    Fulcrum   Mikoyan   Single-seat air superiority fighter.  Two 18,300 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky RD-33 turbofans.  One 30-mm cannon plus air to air missiles.  Entered service in 1983.

MiG-31    Foxhound  Mikoyan   Tandem two-seat all-weather interceptor. Two 30,865 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-31F turbojets.  No cannon armament. Up to 8 air-to-air missiles.  Derived from MiG-25.  Entered service in 1983. 


P-63      Fred/King Cobra Bell Helicopter Company    Lend-lease P-63s remaining in Soviet service after the end of World War 2.


Su-7/17/20/22  Fitter    Sukhoi    Single-engine fighter bomber. Su-7 is swept wing version, Su-17,20 and 22 are variable geometry versions.

Su-9/11   Fishpot   Suhkoi    Single-engine all-weather fighter. Su-9 has one 19,840 lb st (with AB) Lyulka AL-7 turbojet.  Su-11 has one 22,050 lb st (with AB) Lyulka AL-7F-1 turbojet.  No cannon armament. Su-9 was similar to Su-7 fighter-bomber,but with a delta wing rather than the original swept wing.  Su-11 is uprated version with more powerful engine and more advanced electronics.

Su-11 Fishpot   Suhkoi

Su-15 Flagon    Sukhoi    Single-seat all-weather interceptor Two 15,000 lb. st. (with AB) Tumanksy R-13F-200 turbojets (Flagon E and F). No cannon armament.  Four air to air missiles under the wings.

Su-17 Fitter    Sukhoi

Su-20 Fitter    Sukhoi

Su-22 Fitter    Sukhoi

Su-24 Fencer    Sukhoi    Two-seat deep penetration interdictor and strike, reconnaissance and electronic warfare aircraft.  Two 25,350 lb. st.(with AB) Tumansky R-29B turbojets.  One 30 mm cannon plus up to 13,000 lbs of external ordinance. Entered service in 1974.

Su-25 Frogfoot  Sukhoi    Single-seat attack and close air support aircraft.  Two 9340 lb. st. Tumansky R-13-300 turbojets.  One 30 mm cannon, plus up to 8820 lbs. of external  ordinance.  Entered service in 1981-2.

Su-27K/SK/UBK  Flanker   Sukhoi    Single-seat air superiority fighter. Two 30,000

lb. st. (with AB) Lyulka RD-32 turbofans.  One 30 mm cannon plus up to 10 air-to-air missiles. Entered service in 1986.

Su-27SMK  Flanker   Sukhoi    Features two more underwing hard points, an in-flight refueling probe and a better fire-control radar (Zhuk-27?) with TWS which enables it to carry active AA-12 AAMs as well as ASMs.

Su-30MK   Sukhoi

Su-34 Sukhoi

Su-35 Sukhoi    Advanced fourth-generation fighter


Tu-28 Fiddler   Tupolev   Twin-engined, two seat long-range all-weather interceptor.  Two Lyulka AL-21F-3 turbojets, 24,250 lb. st. with AB.  Derived from Tu-98 bomber.


Yak-1                Yakovlev  World War II

Yak-3                Yakovlev World War II

Yak-9                Yakovlev World War II

Yak-15               Yakovlev

Yak-17    Feather   Yakovlev  Single-seat single-engine jet fighter. Adapation of Yak-15.

Yak-23    Flora     Yakovlev  Single-seat interceptor fighter.  One 3500 lb. st. RD-500 turbojet.

Yak-25    Flashlight Yakovlev  Twin-engine, two seat night and all weather interceptor.  Entered service in 1955.  Two 5500 lb. st. Klimov RD-9 turbojets.  594 mph at 36,000 ft. PD6 intercept radar in bulbous nose.

Yak-28P   Firebar   Yakovlev  Third-generation development of Yak-25 Flashlight two-seat all-weather  interceptor.  Two 13,670 lb. st. (with AB) Tumansky R-11 turbojets.  No cannon armament.  Can carry two Anab radar homing missiles plus two Atoll infrared homers.  Entered service in 1964.

Yak-36    Freehand  Yakovlev  Single-seat VTOL research aircraft. Two vectored-thrust turbofans.  First demonstrated in 1967.  Believed experimental only.

Yak-38    Forger    Yakovlev  Single-seat shipboard air defense and strike fighter.  One 17,985 lb. st. Lyulks Al-12 lift/cruise turbojet and two tandem-mounted 7875 lb. st. Koliesov lift turbojets.  Can carry two air to air missiles or two podded 23-mm twin-barreled cannon.  In strike role, can carry up to 8000 lbs. of stores.

Yak-141   Freestyle Yakovlev  Single seat VTOL carrier-based interceptor/fighter.  Believed experimental only.


Ye-2      Faceplate Mikoyan   Code name assigned to swept-wing version of delta-winged MiG-21 fighter. First seen in 1956.  This version seems to have lost out to the familiar delta-winged version for production orders.  However, it was not until 1963 that people in the West finally became aware that the delta-winged MiG-21 (Fishbed) was the version which had entered service.

Ye-152A   Flipper   Mikoyan   Code name was assigned to an experimental twin engine interceptor fighter development of MiG-21 which was first seen in 1961.  Two Tumansky R-11F turbojets.  Was not ordered into production.

Ye-230    Faithless Mikoyan   Single-seat STOL fighter-bomber prototype.  One turbojet plus two vertically-disposed lift engines. First demonstrated in 1967, but appears never to have attained production status.







Ka-15 Hen       Kamov Two-seat utility helicopter.  Used primarily for bush patrol, agricultural purposes, and fishery control.

Ka-18 Hog       Kamov Four-seat utility helicopter.  One Ivchenko AI-14V radial, 255 hp. Apart from forward fuselage, generally sililar to Ka-15.

Ka-20 Harp      Kamov Twin-engine antisubmarine helicopter prototype.

Ka-25 Hormone   Kamov Shipboard antisubmarine warfare helicopter.  Two 900 shp Glushenkov  GTD-3 turboshafts.  Ka-25K is utility and flying crane version.

Ka-26/126 Hoodlum   Kamov Light utility helicopter.  Two 325 hp Vedeneev M-14V-26 radials (Ka-26).  Entered production in 1966.  Ka-126 is upgraded version with one 720 shp Kopchenko TVD-100 turboshaft.  First flown in 1988.

Ka-27 Helix Kamov Shipboard anti-submarine warfare, assault transport, and search and rescue helicopter.  Two 2225 shp Isotov TV-117V turboshafts. 

Ka-50 Werewolf

Ka-126    Hoodlum   Kamov

Ka-136(?) Hokum Kamov Side-by-side two-seat combat helicopter. Designed as air-to-air combat helicopter, intended to eliminate enemy frontline helicopters.  Current status is uncertain.


Mi-1      Hare      Mil  Three-seat light utility helicopter. One 575 hp Ivchenko AI-26V radial. Entered service in 1950.

Mi-2      Hoplite   Mil  Light general purpose helicopter. Two 437 shp Izotov GTD-350 turboshafts. Entered production in Poland in 1966.

Mi-4      Hound Mil  Transport helicopter.  One 1700 hp Shvetsov ASh-82V radial engine. Serves in both military and civilian roles Crew 3, up to 14 passengers. Entered service in 1952.

Mi-6      Hook      Mil  Heavy transport helicopter.  Two 5500 shp Soloviev D-25V turboshafts. Crew 5, up to 65 passengers. First flown in 1957.  Built in large numbers for both military and civil roles.

Mi-8      Hip       Mil  General purpose transport helicopter. Two 1500 shp Izotov TB-2-117A  turboshafts.  Entered production in 1964 for both military and civil tasks.

Mi-10 Harke Mil  Military crane-type helicopter evolved from Mi-6.  Two 5500 shp Soloviev D-25 turboshafts.  Entered service in 1963.

Mi-12 Homer Mil  Heavy transport helicopter.  Four 6500 shp Soloviev D-25DF turboshafts. Two engines are mounted side-by-side at the tips of braced wings.  World's largest helicopter.  Entered production in 1972.

Mi-14 Haze      Mil  Evolved from Mi-8 transport helicopter. Built in antisubmarine, mine counter-measures, and search and rescue versions.  Two 1950 shp Isotov TV-3-117M turboshafts.  Entered service in 1975.

Mi-17/171 Hip       Mil  General purpose transport helicopter. Two 1500 shp Izotov TB-2-117A  turboshafts.  Entered production in 1964 for both military and civil tasks.

Mi-24 Hind      Mil  Assault and anti-armor helicopter. Two 2200 shp Isotov TV3-117 turboshafts.

Mi-26 Halo      Mil  Military and commercial heavylift helicopter.  Two 11,240 shp Lotarev D-136 turboshafts.  Heaviest and most powerful helicopter yet flown. Entered service in 1981.

Mi-28 Havoc Mil  Tandem two-seat anti-armor and attack helicopter.  Two 200--2500 shp turbo- shafts of uncertain origin.  Dedicated attack helicopter with no secondary transport capability.  Roughly  comparable to AH-64 Apache. Carries a single gun in an undernose barbette, plus external loads carried on pylons beneath stub wings.  Current status is uncertain.

Mi-34 Hermit    Mil  Two/four seat light instructional and competition helicopter.  One 325 hp Vedeneyev M-14V-26 radial.  Entered productin in 1989.


Yak-24    Horse Yakovlev  Twin-engine, twin rotor military  assault helicopter.  Two 1700 hp  Shvetsov ASh-82V radials.  Entered production in 1955.





A-40      Mermaid   Beriev    Twin-engined amphibian - Two Soloviev D-30KPV turbofans.  Be-42 is search and rescue version, Be-44 is ASW/Surveillance/Minelaying version.



An-74 Madcap    Antonov   Version of An-74A transport for airborne early warning and control.


Be-6      Madge Beriev    Twin-engine long-range maritime reconnaissance flying boat.  Two 2000 hp.  Shvetsov ASh-73 radial engines. 

Be-10 Mallow    Beriev    Long-range maritime reconnaissance flying boat.  Two 14,330 lb. st. Type AL-7PB turbojets.  Two 23 mm cannon in radar-controlled tail turret.  Two fixed forward firing 20mm or 23mm cannon.

Be-12 Mail      Beriev    Turboprop-powered amphibious development of the BE-6 flying boat.  Two Ivchenko AI-20M turboprops.  Entered service with Soviet Navy in early 1960s in maritime patrol role.

Be-42 Mermaid   Beriev    Search and rescue version of A-40.  Twin-engined amphibian - Two Soloviev D-30KPV turbofans.

Be-44 Mermaid   Beriev    ASW/Surveillance/Minelaying version of A-40.  Twin-engined amphibian - Two Soloviev D-30KPV turbofans.


Il-28U    Mascot    Ilyushin  Crew trainer version of Il-28 bomber. Ventral radome and glazed nose deleted. Additional pupil cockpit added ahead of main cockpit.  Defensive armament normally deleted.

Il-38 May       Ilyushin  Four-engined long-range maritime patrol aircraft.  Four 4250 shp Ivchenko AI-20M turboprops.  Evolved from Il-18 transport.

Il-76 Mainstay  Ilyushin  Airborne early warning and control aircraft.  Derived from Il-76TD. Large radome on twin pylons above the rear fuselage.  Entered service in 1986.

Il-78 Midas Ilyushin  Four-engined inflight refuelling tanker. Four 26,455 lb. st. Soloviev D-30KP turbofans.


L-29A Maya      Delfin    Two-seat basic trainer.  Czech-built aircraft supplied to Soviet Air Force as standard basic trainer.  One M 701 turbojet, 1918 lb. st.


M-17      Mystic    Myasischchev   Single-seat high-altitude research aircraft.  Both single and twin-engined versions built.


MiG-15UTI Midget    Mikoyan   Tandem two-seat advanced trainer. Conversion of MiG-15 fighter.  One Klimov RD-45FA turbojet, 5952 lb. st. 2 23-mm cannon.

MiG-21US/UTI   Mongol    Mikoyan   Tandem two-seat advanced and combat proficiency trainer.  Conversion of basic MiG-21 fighter.


PO-2      Mule      Polikarpov Tandem, two-seat utility biplane. One 125 hp M-11D radial engine.


Su-7UTI   Moujik    Sukhoi    Tandem two-seat ground attack fighter trainer.  Training version of single-seat Su-7 Fitter fighter bomber. Entered service in early 1960s.

Su-9U Maiden    Sukhoi    Tandem, two-seat conversion trainer variant of Su-9 interceptor.

Su-30MK   Sukhoi


Tu-126    Moss      Tupolev   Four-engined airborne warning and control system aircraft.  Four 14,795 shp Kuznetsov NK-12MV turboprops. Adaptation of Tu-114 commercial transport to AWACS role.


Yak-11    Moose Yakovlev  Tandem two-seat advanced trainer. One 730 hp Shvetsov ASh-21 radial engine.  Entered service in 1947.

Yak-14    Mole      Yakovlev  Heavy transport glider.

Yak-18    Max       Yakovlev  Tandem two-seat primary trainer. One 160 hp M-11FR-1 radial.  Entered service in 1946.

Yak-18P   Mouse Yakovlev  Single-seat aerobatic aircraft for use by flying clubs. Adaptation of Yak-18 two-seat trainer. 

Yak-28U   Maestro   Yakovlev  Trainer version of Yak-28 Brewer tactical attack aircraft.  Two Tumansky RD-11 turbojets.

Yak-30    Magnum    Yakovlev  Tandem two-seat jet basic trainer.  One 2315 lb. st. Tumansky TRD-29 turbojet.  The Czech L-29 Delfin was selected by Soviet Air Force in preference to Yak-30. 

Yak-32    Mantis    Yakovlev  Single-seat version of Yak-30 basic trainer.

Yak-? Mandrake  Yakovlev  Single-seat high-altitude reconnaissance  aircraft.  Derivative of basic Yak-25 design, with swept wing replaced by a high aspect ratio straight wing. Generally comparable in concept to Martin RB-57D. 


??        Mare      Tsibin-designed heavy transport glider.





“Russian Aircraft” -- Compiled by Calvin W. Lew

Post Office Box 6586, Oceanside, California  92052-6586

Telephone: (619) 687-9090 (Pager / Voicemail)

(619) 840-0971 (Mobile)

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Photographs of these Russian aircraft are available upon request.